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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2917\margr3678\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2917\margrsxn3678\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li22\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 3i8        CAKRAYUDHA .-IMPERIAL PRATlHARAS}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li14\fi0\ri0\sb158\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Bengal king's assumption of the supreme status in \expndtw1 Northern India, and accordingly a trial of strength bet\-ween the two powers became inevitable. The result of \expndtw-3 the conflict is preserved in the Sanjan plates of Amogha-\expndtw1 varsa I, which depose that both "Dharma and Cakra-\expndtw-2 yudha surrendered of themselves" to Govinda III \i (circa \i0\expndtw2 794\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 814 A.D.), the son and successor of Dhruva\super 1\nosupersub . \expndtw-2 These depredations considerably harassed the populace \expndtw6 and created confusion in the Doab. Nagabhata II \expndtw-1 Pratihara took advantage of the situation,, and defeated \expndtw0 Cakrayudha,, "whose lowly demeanour was manifest \expndtw-1 from his dependence on others."\super 2\nosupersub  After this victory Nagabhata boldly annexed Kanauj, and initiated a new \expndtw5 line of rulers there.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li18\fi1393\ri1339\sb151\sa0\sl-360\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 III. The Imperial Pratfhdras \expndtw-4 Origin}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li11\fi464\ri36\sb94\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 The Pratihara family, to which Nagabhata II belong\-\expndtw-1 ed, appears to have been of foreign extraction. Indeed, \expndtw1 the phrase "Gurjara-Pratlharanvayah", i.e., "Pratihara \expndtw0 clan of the Gurjaras", occurring in line 4 of the Rajor \expndtw-4 (Alwar) inscription\super 8\nosupersub , indicates that they were a branch of \expndtw-2 the famous Gurjaras\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 one of those Central Asian tribes \expndtw9 that poured into India through the north-western \expndtw0 passes along with, or soon after, the Htinas during the \expndtw4 period of political unrest following the disruption of \expndtw8 the Gupta Empire. That the Pratlharas belonged to \expndtw-2 the Gurjara stock is also confirmed by the JRistrakuta \expndtw0 records, and the Arab writers, like Abu Zaid and Al \expndtw1 Mas'udi, who allude to their fights with the Juzr or \expndtw5 Gurjaras of the North. Besides, it is important to re-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li378\fi0\ri0\sb238\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 1\nosupersub  Ep. Ind.\sub s\nosupersub  \i0 XVIII, pp. 245, 253, v. 23.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li382\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 z\nosupersub lb^.\sub y\nosupersub  \i0 pp. 108, 112, v. 9.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi382\ri76\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 3\nosupersub  Ep. Ind., \i0 Ill, pp. 263-67. The inscription bears the \i Vik-\expndtw-5 rama \i0 date 1016=959 A.D., and records a grant of Mathanadeva, \expndtw-2 feudatory of P\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'bb\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  M. P. Vijayapaladeva.}\par }